Dictionary of Terms World Black Belt


Sooryon

Training

Soto

"Outside," "outer," or "exterior."

Sparring

A form of martial arts training in which two opponents face one another and simulate actual combat

Staff

See "bo."

Subak

A native Korean fighting system that enjoyed its widest popularity during the reign of King Uijong (A.D. 1147 - 1170)

Sudo

Knife hand

Suki

"Opening." A gap in an opponent's defense or technique.

Sumo

A basic Japanese form of grappling in which the participants are of gigantic proportions. Victory is either achieved by forcing the opponent out of the ring, or by forcing him to touch the floor within the ring with any part of his body above the knee.

Sumotori

Sumo wrestlers

Sutemi

Sacrifice

Tachi

A Japanese long sword worn slung from a sword belt. Like the katana, the tachi had a single-edged curved blade.

Tachi rei

"Standing bow." A salutation common to numerous Japanese martial arts.

Tae kwon do

"Way of hands and feet." The primary form of Korean unarmed combat, named during a conference of chung do kwan masters in 1955. It is considered the most popular martial art in the world.

Tai chi chuan

"Grand ultimate fist." An internal system of kung fu, also called soft boxing, characterized by its deliberately slow, continuous, circular, well-balanced and rhythmic movements.

Tai sabaki

"Body movement."

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