Dictionary of Terms World Black Belt - K
The helmet worn by the Japanese samurai. It was made of iron or laquered leather, and was secured to the head by a series of silk cords.
"Win" or "victory."
A type of contest in which a contestant takes on each opponent in succession without rest between matches until he or she is defeated. Each win counts as one, and a draw counts as one-half but eliminates both contestants.
"Key spear." A hooked spear used for parrying and hooking an opponent's weapon. Like the jutte, it was useful to the police in making arrests.
"Short knife." A six-inch knife used by women of the samurai class.
A hybrid method of combat founded in Hawaii in 1947 by five experts: Walter Choo, Joseph Holke, Frank Ordonez, Adriano Emperado, and Clarence Chang.
Heel of the foot
An ancient form of Indian combat embracing hand-to-hand techniques and weapons such as the staff and daggers
A farming sickle that farmers in Okinawa converted to a weapon to combat the oppressing Japanese military
A spear to which a single-edged, sickle-shaped blade is attached.
"Attitude" or "posture." The stances; a general term found in all of the Japanese disciplines.
"Divine seat" or "upper seat." The area at the front of the dojo where the instructors and honored guests sit.
"Penetration hand." A Chinese training method in which a practitioner thrusts his or her hands into powder, then rice, sand, beans, and finally pebbles, to condition the limbs for striking.
"Hard method." A ancient art of Chinese boxing that concentrated on kicking and thrusting techniques.