Dictionary of Terms World Black Belt - S


Sempai

"Senior." Usually denotes any senior by age, rank, position or social standing.

Sen i

"Fighting will" or "fighting spirit."

Seppa

The washers above and below the tsuba of a samurai sword

Shaolin

"Young forest" or "small forest." A method of kung fu based on eight postures and five animal forms: dragon, snake, tiger, crane and leopard.

Shejak

Begin

Shiai

A competitive match between Japanese martial artists

Shibum

Demonstration

Shihan

Master teacher

Shihap

A bout or match

Shikko

"Knee walking." A method of moving forward while keeping one knee constantly on the ground. Knee walking was originally a polite way of moving in a house, especially before a lord.

Shime

Choke

Shimoseki

"Lower seat." In a traditional Japanese dojo, the area where students line up and face their instructor(s). Also known as "shimoza."

Shinai

A fencing practice sword, made of bamboo strips, and used in the practice of kendo.

Shinken

"Real sword." An actual life or death encounter.

Shintai

"Stopped mind." A condition in which one remains exclusively defensive.

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